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Clinics' Pitch to Indian Émigrés: It's a Boyby Susan SachsThe New York Times August 15th, 2001
Canada Calls for Global Bans on Human Cloning, Germline ModificationGenetic CrossroadsJune 21st, 2001
Gerhard Shroder Rejects Human Genetic ManipulationGenetic CrossroadsMay 16th, 2001
UPCOMING EVENTSGenetic CrossroadsJanuary 7th, 2001
New Bans on Human Genetic Modification in Japan and NetherlandsGenetic CrossroadsOctober 16th, 2000
Canada: The Assisted Human Reproduction ActCanadian Parliament Approves the "Assisted Human Reproduction Act," A Model of Responsible PolicyCanada's new Assisted Human Reproduction Act (AHRA) is one of the most significant pieces of legislation addressing human genetic and reproductive technologies enacted to date. Many Canadian constituencies played key roles in building consensus for the AHRA, notably including the women's health community. Canada now joins the United Kingdom, Germany and Australia as countries that have adopted comprehensive, responsible policies addressing human genetic and reproductive technologies. These policies embody differing social and political values but agree on core principles. Successful passage of the AHRA stands in stark contrast to the situation in the United States, where these issues have become entangled with the politics of abortion, the "culture wars," and the Presidential election.
Policies Governing Other Human Genetic TechnologiesCountries differ widely in the types of genetic and reproductive technologies they regulate, the jurisdiction of authority, the nature of enforcement and other particulars. For regulation to be effective there must be a state authority responsible for licensing all research and commercial facilities that manipulate human embryos and gametes.
Inheritable Genetic Modification PoliciesAs with cloning, the Council of Europe's Convention on Human Rights and Dignity with Regard to Biomedicine stands as the most encouraging international initiative to date. Article 13 of the Convention states: "An intervention seeking to modify the human genome may only be undertaken for preventive, diagnostic or therapeutic purposes and only if its aim is not to introduce any modification in the genome of any descendants."
Global ReactionsFollowing the January 2001 announcement by Severino Antinori, Panos Zavos and others of plans to begin cloning human beings, world leaders reacted by calling for global bans.
Human Cloning PoliciesMany countries have passed legislation banning human reproductive cloning, including Australia, Austria, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, the Czech Republic, Costa Rica, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United Kingdom.
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